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Production and distribution of electricity, steam and hot water

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NACE 2002 - 40.1 Production and distribution of electricity
NACE 2002 - 40.3 Steam and hot water supply

Employment in the power and heating industries has tended to decrease in recent years due to restructuring and increasing automation of operations. Investments in this industry tend to have a long life cycle and therefore there is a large degree of inertia in terms of employment.  In the following decades, the life cycle of parts of production blocks will come to an end, and the industry is facing a question as to where the future energy policy in the Czech Republic should be headed and what measures in the area of human resources will be required. Power and heat generation rank among industries with a higher average age of employees. In recent years there have been serious problems related to an insufficient replacement of human resources. 63% of the employees are over 40 years old and the proportion of workers younger than 30 (9%) is the second lowest in the economy as a whole.

The overall number of those employed in the sector could remain stable in the upcoming years, as the main restructuring and automation processes were already completed. However, the future of power and heat industries in terms of human resources depends on a larger interest on the part of students in obtaining qualifications and jobs in this field. Halted investment in the building of new supply sources and a negative perception of power generation (with the exception of renewable sources) on the part of the general public have decreased the attractiveness of the relevant study programmes and occupations. However, the situation is currently changing and the public is getting better explanations of the prospects of “energy occupations”. 

However, it will take a number of years for the education system to adapt to new and increasing requirements in the power and heat generation sector. There will be a significant demand for certain occupations and there is likely to be a shortage of the relevant graduates. These occupations will include, for example, specialists in nuclear energy, researchers and developers in energy facilities, designers and constructors of energy units, technologists concerned with power and heat generation, ICT specialists and sales and customers service occupations.

The growing importance of energy savings will boost demand for “energy auditors” (although these activities are not classified to be part of the energy industry as they fall in the category of business services). The construction and reconstruction of power and heat generation facilities and the process of putting them into operation will require a large number of individuals (not only in supplier industries but also in energy as such). The situation in energy will be closely associated with the issue of either observing or breaking coal extraction limits. If the availability of domestic coal supplies decreases significantly, power plants (and heating plants even more so) will have to change their technologies. This will require extensive investments and the requirements for the aforementioned technical occupations will grow considerably.

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