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Manufacture of metal structures and fabricated metal products

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NACE 2002 - 28 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

Until recently the growth in demand for workers in the metal industry (manufacture of metal structures, steam boilers, equipment and instruments and metal finishing) was very striking. However, the economic crisis has affected this trend. The metal industry has relatively low wage levels that will cause a decrease in attractiveness of this field both for jobseekers and students and graduates. In 2008-2020 employment may drop by some 24 thousand people, which accounts for some 13% of current jobs.

A more dramatic decline in employment is not so likely. The metal industry is a supplier for many other industries (construction, mechanical engineering, the automotive industry, etc.). Is output should become relatively stable again after it recovers from the economic crisis. There is expected to be only a slow shift from assembly to more technology intensive activities and related services. In the following years the industry will continue to invest in new manufacturing technologies that will make it possible to maintain or increase the output along with a decreasing number of employees.  

In terms of professional requirements the manufacture of metal structures and fabricated metal products is in a situation that is similar to that of the car industry and mechanical engineering. The expected decrease in employment will primarily affect jobs requiring vocational qualifications (without “maturita”). However, due to competition from the aforementioned industries it will be increasingly difficult to find a required number of toolmakers, designers, mechanics and technologists who would fill vacated jobs and jobs that will emerge as a result of technological advancement. The manufacture of metal structures still shows a relatively low level of value added, and the following years will see trends that will support growth of productivity. This will mean, above all, a higher proportion of services – assembly of components into final turn-key products and their servicing, which will result in a larger degree of synergy with other suppliers – particularly mechanical engineering.  

Part of the output of this industry is supplied to the energy sector where  a major increase in demand is expected both in Western and Central Europe (modernisation and reconstruction of existing energy facilities), and in Eastern Europe and Asia (growing demand for energy will call for the building of new power and heat generation plants). However, as regards large energy turn-key projects the Czech labour market faces a severe shortage of constructers (to design them) and mechanics and technologists (to manufacture them). This particular area should be strengthened in terms of human resources.

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