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01_Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

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NACE 2002 - 01 Agriculture, hunting and related service activities
NACE 2002 - 02 Forestry, logging and related service activities
NACE 2002 - 05 Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms, service activities incidental to fishing

Agriculture ranks among those segments of the Czech economy where there is a higher average age of employees and which, over the long term, shows a decreasing level of attractiveness for young people. The proportion of workers younger than 30 has dropped by 50%, and the proportion of people over 60 has doubled since 10 years ago.  Over two fifths of employees are older than 50. Agriculture is perceived as an industry with relatively poor employment prospects – total employment in the industry is expected to drop by around one quarter by 2020 as compared to 2006, and it will account for 2.3% of total employment in the economy. This roughly corresponds to the current share of this industry in total employment in developed West European countries.

On the other hand, it should be stressed that due to the average age of employees this decline will largely consist of natural retirements when the vacated jobs will no longer be filled. However, agriculture experiences a shortage of certain occupations and the qualification structure will change in the upcoming years. New trends will support demand for workers with more advanced or broader qualifications. These will concern, for example, further development of bio-fuels – particularly biogas stations of which several hundred are expected to be built in the next five years. Demand for bio-fuels will be reflected in the creation of jobs connected with growing the relevant crops, processing and storage.  The industry is also expected to undergo further automation. Continuing development of eco-farming and agro tourism is also expected. These modern trends will not prevent the major decrease in employment in the industry in the future, but they will increase demand for workers with upper secondary and higher qualifications. 

A similar development may be expected as regards jobs in forestry. These are still characterised by a large proportion of manual work. This should change in the following years due to advancing mechanisation.  Forestry (as well as agriculture) is characterised by lower requirements for skilled workforce. However, even in this sector there will be partial changes in the following years. In addition to growing requirements as regards combination of knowledge in forestry and the capacity to master modern technological processes, there will be a growing importance of environmental knowledge. Occupations with this qualification structure will be increasingly important for maintaining the environmental stability and diversity of forests.

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